E1. Latent defects are result of poor design, faulty materials/construction or deficient workmanship. An example can be hull cracking if scantlings were insufficient, or a broken rudder that was not mounted properly. These defect can manifest themselves during the warranty period or after that period has passed. From a perspective of insurance claims they often result in complex claims. Therefore, providing advice on the subject of latent defect require a thorough understanding of regulations and standards.  Design experience is paramount.
E2. Forensic analysis requires rational and scientific approach to establish the root-cause of an incident.  At first instance, if there are no clear clues, the objective is to assess the operations, i.e. was the component pushed too hard, beyond its design limits? Or whether the environmental loads were a contributing factor? The next step is to verify whether the vessel was built according to plans. Generally the verification of design itself is the very last resort, as the investigation process can be time-consuming and complex, particularly for modern performance yachts.
E3. Structural failure :: Expert witness and consultancy for commercial ships and large yacht including hull bending, slamming, construction defects and damage.
E4. Collisions and Groundings :: Casualty investigations, assessment of oil outflow and energy absorption, impact analysis, residual strength assessment.
E5. Contract and charter disputes :: Advice on technical specifications speed performance, review of towing tank test and sea trials.
E6. Cargo related claims :: Cargo liquefaction, assessment of acceleration factor/loading conditions for charter claims.
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